USA Surgery Guide

California Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery Basics
Bariatric surgery is a type of weight loss surgery where an individual's stomach is decreased to a smaller size. This kind of surgery is only recommended for those who are severely obese and will allow those who undertake the surgery to lose weight quite rapidly. Unlike other surgeries bariatric surgery often implants a gastric band around an individual's stomach to increase or decrease his or her stomach size after surgery.

Bariatric surgery also includes the removing of a section of the stomach and reattaching the two halves back together. This will decrease the stomach permanently and will allow the stomach to route a different course to the small intestine.

Bariatric surgery includes gastric bypass surgery, gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, and biliopancreatic diversion via duodenal switch. This kind of surgery is for long-term results and can allow individuals the opportunity to recover from diabetic tendencies. Bariatric surgery may also allow an individual to increase his or her mortality rate from twenty-three percent to forty percent as well as improve his or her cardiovascular health.

Only certain individuals are eligible for bariatric surgery. Since bariatric surgery is usually a permanent form of weight loss, physicians and the United State National Institutes of Health only allow and recommend individuals who have body mass indexes above forty to undergo bariatric surgery.

Those with body mass indexes at thirty-five with diabetic issues or other health related issues caused by obesity will also be eligible. At times some physicians will allow individuals with body mass indexes at thirty or between thirty and thirty-five to undergo bariatric surgery when they have comorbidities.

The Procedure
When a physician performs a gastric bypass surgery, he or she will section off the upper portion of an individual's stomach and reattach the pouch to the bottom-most portion of the stomach where it feeds into the small intestine. This will limit the amount of food that can fit into the stomach and allow the individual to eat less and lose weight without feeling hungry.

In the instances of a gastric banding surgery, a physician will place a ballooning band around the upper portion of the stomach -- similar to gastric bypass surgery -- that will later be inflated or deflated to increase to decrease the size of the pouch. There are currently different kinds of bariatric surgery procedures that will physicians perform including a vertical banded banded gastroplasty, adjustable gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy, intragastric balloon, gastric bypass surgery, sleeve gastrectomy with duodenal switch, and implantable gastric stimulation.

Some procedures may include two or more different kinds of medical procedures at once. Which kind of surgery is performed is dictated by a patient's necessity and health history.

Despite having excellent weight loss results, those who have undergone bariatric surgery often have complications in varying degrees. An insurance claim study found that twenty-one percent of those who had bariatric surgery experienced some form of complication at the hospital and forty percent experienced complications after leaving.

Other medical issues can occur, some temporary and other longer lasting, depending on each case.